We have observed Black History Month for over forty years in the United States. The month of February has been selected as a time for us to compensate for an education which likely neglected the contributions, trials and advances made by black Americans. Though Black History Month became official in 1976,
This week, we'll focus upon the November 2, 1920 massacre and flight of the black citizens of Ocoee, Florida. Following the First World War, the black population of Ocoee greatly increased. Due to agricultural production, black workers and their families found the area more or less ideal. By 1920, 45%
Before the Confederates fired upon Fort Sumter, even before Abraham Lincoln took office, the seven seceded states sent commissioners to the still-loyal slave states in the hopes of convincing them to join their fledgling Confederacy. They all said basically the same thing: the destruction of slavery and the equality of
The escape to freedom by Ellen and William Craft is one of the most famous and daring stories of self-emancipation. Over the course of eight days, the newly-weds conceived of, planned and executed a brilliant plot to gain their liberty and find new lives for themselves. Since Ellen appeared to be nearly white, a plan was concocted that she would pose as William’s master, and together would make their way to the North and to freedom.