For the past week, we've been looking at the 1898 lynching of Frazier Baker, the black postmaster of Lake City, South Carolina. We've discussed the lynching itself, the investigation, and trial. Today, we'll explore the results of the trial as well as the fate of the town of Lake City,
The Three-Fifths Clause of the Constitution states that population determined both "representatives and direct taxes". That number was "to be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons ... and three-fifths of all other Persons." While the document stopped just short of referring to these "other persons" as slaves,
In conversations about slavery in the United States, the question of “white slavery” is often raised. It is reasoned that if whites could also be slaves, then slavery wasn’t necessarily based upon race, but upon social status or some other factor. This understanding problematic as it attempts to redefine chattel slavery as it was understood in pre-Civil War America.
Maybe it’s a good idea to take a deeper look at what hereditary slavery was and whether white people were actually subject to such an institution.