The Emancipation Proclamation freed only the slaves in disloyal states. While this immediately freed 20,000 or so, it left thousands more in bondage within the border states of Maryland, Delaware, Missouri, Tennessee and Kentucky.
Despite efforts by the Federal government to recruit black men into the army during the summer
William M. Adams was born enslaved to the Davis family in Texas. In an interview he gave in the late 1930s, he told of slave catchers, singing and dancing, and how white preachers told the slaves to pray that the South won the war. He also tells how the slaves
Like many former slaves, Lorenzo Ivy was interviewed by the WPA in 1937. At that time, he was 87 years old. But long before that, way back in 1874, he was interviewed while a student at the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, the alma mater of Booker T. Washington -
Isaac Green had been born a slave in 1856 at Greensboro, Georgia. He, his siblings and his mother were owned by Colonel Dick Willis. Col. Willis owned 150 slaves and ran a 3,000 acre plantation. who with his wife "Miss Sally" managed a plantation of 3,000 acres of
Under the Ulysses S. Grant administration, the federal government set up the Southern Claims Commission as a way of reimbursing Unionists who lived in the South during the Civil War.
They had to be loyal, of course, and had to have had supplies taken from them by the United States
During the Civil War, the Federal government created the American Freedmen's Inquiry Commission. They were tasked with interviewing former slaves who had been set free by Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. Over the course of several months, the AFIC commissioners traveled through the South and into Canada conducting their interviews.
This week, we'll hear tales of the Ku Klux Klan as told by former slaves living in Arkansas. Most interestingly, the narratives describe an overall different experience with the Klan than other states.
Formed in Tennessee in 1866, the Klan spread quickly to the surrounding states, and then all across