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Not a Rebel Flag Among Them – The KKK’s 1925 March on Washington

During the debate over whether South Carolina should remove the Confederate Battle Flag from public grounds, a meme was passed around via social media showing a KKK march on Washington DC with literally scores of United States flags everywhere. “Look at all those Confederate Flags!” it sarcastically proclaimed. If the Confederate Battle Flag is such a racist symbol, why wasn’t the KKK flying it? Only the United States flag was used – why was that? To find the answers, we have to explore the post-war history of the Confederate Flag, as well as the Klan.

How the Confederate Battle Flag was Allowed to Become a Symbol of Racism

For decades now, the Confederate Battle Flag has been used by the Ku Klux Klan as a symbol of racism. Despite claims to the contrary, the KKK did not "hijack" the flag to convert it to their own purposes. By the early 1960s, when the Klan finally latched onto it

Confederate Memorial Day: Celebrating the Lost Cause and Racial Prejudice

Through much of the South, Confederate Memorial Day continues to be celebrated. With ceremony and paid time off, the adherents to the Southern Cause have long come together to remember the Confederate dead, lament their defeat in the Civil War, and wax prejudicial about black Americans. Let's take a look

Colonization After the War: The Back-To-Africa Movements

The history of colonization is not simple to understand. The push for black emigration to Africa meant different things to different people of both races throughout the 1800s. For some, it was a product of their racism. For others, it was out of compassion. Nearly all black Americans who made their egress did so to escape the prejudicial brutality of white America. The nation had failed them so utterly that they were willing to give up all they had ever known for a place they had never seen.

From the post-war years until the turn of the century, thousands of black people willingly emigrated from their Southern homes to Africa in order to escape the disfranchisement, abuse, and lynching by white Americans. Many thousands more attempted and dreamed of making the voyage. Though colonization was condemned by black leaders such as Frederick Douglass and Booker T. Washington, the back-to-Africa movement within black America took hold through the black community in two separate waves, mirroring the rises and falls of violence against African-Americans.

The Post-War Birth of the Ku Klux Klan – A Bit of Amusement and Terror

Following the Civil War, most Southern whites figured that though the slaves had been freed, they would behave pretty much as they had prior to the war. Certainly, they would have to be paid some pittance, but their status would be fairly unchanged. Unfortunately for these Southern whites, this was

Black Codes as Slavery Forever

There are some Confederate apologists who claim that "If there had been no Civil War, the South would have abolished slavery peaceably." It would have simply died out because "paternalist planters would have arranged, over time, to emancipate their slaves in exchange for financial compensation." ((H.W. Crocker, III, The Politically