When we think of black dolls, one of two images comes to mind. Some may recall Black Barbie, launched in 1980, or even black Cabbage Patch Kids from a few years later. Others, of course, will call to mind the dehumanizing "Golliwogs" - cartoonish and exaggerated dolls from the early
During the debate over whether South Carolina should remove the Confederate Battle Flag from public grounds, a meme was passed around via social media showing a KKK march on Washington DC with literally scores of United States flags everywhere. “Look at all those Confederate Flags!” it sarcastically proclaimed. If the Confederate Battle Flag is such a racist symbol, why wasn’t the KKK flying it? Only the United States flag was used – why was that? To find the answers, we have to explore the post-war history of the Confederate Flag, as well as the Klan.
Perhaps Frederick Douglass' most famous speech, "What to the American Slave is the Fourth of July?" was delivered in 1852 the day following Independence Day. Speaking before the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, New York, Douglass called to task the hypocrisy of a nation claiming to be established upon the
Through much of the South, Confederate Memorial Day continues to be celebrated. With ceremony and paid time off, the adherents to the Southern Cause have long come together to remember the Confederate dead, lament their defeat in the Civil War, and wax prejudicial about black Americans. Let's take a look
The history of colonization is not simple to understand. The push for black emigration to Africa meant different things to different people of both races throughout the 1800s. For some, it was a product of their racism. For others, it was out of compassion. Nearly all black Americans who made their egress did so to escape the prejudicial brutality of white America. The nation had failed them so utterly that they were willing to give up all they had ever known for a place they had never seen.
From the post-war years until the turn of the century, thousands of black people willingly emigrated from their Southern homes to Africa in order to escape the disfranchisement, abuse, and lynching by white Americans. Many thousands more attempted and dreamed of making the voyage. Though colonization was condemned by black leaders such as Frederick Douglass and Booker T. Washington, the back-to-Africa movement within black America took hold through the black community in two separate waves, mirroring the rises and falls of violence against African-Americans.
There are some Confederate apologists who claim that "If there had been no Civil War, the South would have abolished slavery peaceably." It would have simply died out because "paternalist planters would have arranged, over time, to emancipate their slaves in exchange for financial compensation." ((H.W. Crocker, III, The Politically